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WHAT IS wisdom tooth surgery?

Wisdom tooth surgery is a common reason for consultation and is a frequently performed procedure. It is carried out in order to extract the wisdom teeth, also known as third molars. Generally, the surgery is requested by the patient themselves as they can sometimes cause pain and inflammation when they are in a bad position, resulting in inflammation, infections, and pain.


  • The first advantage is the elimination of pain in cases where the tooth is erupting (coming out) and cannot continue to come out due to its bad position. This circumstance leads to a pathology known as pericoronitis, which is characterized by inflammation and pain, and can only be permanently solved by extracting the tooth. This already offers a strong reason for the patient to decide to undergo the extraction of the wisdom teeth.

  • The risk of suffering from cavities or future infections in the wisdom tooth or neighboring teeth is eliminated. The position of the wisdom teeth makes it difficult for proper hygiene, so dirt is retained that can lead to cavities or loss of bone in the wisdom tooth itself or, more seriously, in the neighboring tooth.

  • The risk of the wisdom tooth developing cysts or causing reabsorption of the roots of the neighboring tooth is eliminated. Impacted teeth, such as wisdom teeth, can lead to cysts and reabsorptions of teeth that are in the mouth. It is therefore advisable to remove them, or if there is any reason not to do so, they should be controlled with annual x-rays at a trusted dental clinic.

  • Another important reason to extract a wisdom tooth is the fact that it prevents its poor growth from causing a deviation in the rest of the dental pieces. Therefore, not only is action being taken on that wisdom tooth, but on the overall health of the entire mouth.

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The treatment is indicated when the appearance of wisdom teeth  o wisdom teeth is accompanied by discomfort such as:

  • Inflammation in the area of the emerging wisdom tooth

  • Persistent pain in the area

  • Infections

  • Wisdom tooth in poor position with the formation of lesions such as cysts or tumors.

  • Caries formation on the second molar

  • Difficulty in carrying out proper dental hygiene

  • Pressure on the other dental structures.

  • Patient undergoing orthodontic treatment with wisdom teeth that affect the development of the treatment. 



It is an outpatient procedure, the surgery is performed under local anesthesia, or local anesthesia and sedation. One or more wisdom teeth can be extracted in a single surgical procedure depending on the complexity of the case and the patient's decision. Next, through a small laser incision, and with the help of specific instruments, the wisdom tooth will be extracted.


After extraction, the area will be reviewed, and the wound will be washed and closed with resorbable suture or surgical suture (this will be removed between 5 and 8 days after the surgery). For the next 40 to 60 minutes after the surgery, folded gauze will be placed on the area and pressure will be applied to promote hemostasis. We also perform immediate laser therapy that generates hemostasis, reduces inflammation and postoperative pain.

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